Homophobia is a significant barrier to HIV diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, and is a critical public health issue. Homophobia and heterosexism interfere with health care access and services for LGBT individuals, feed support for counterproductive abstinence-only-until-marriage programming, fuel antigay social policies and other violence, and otherwise marginalize queer people of all ages. Studies consistently demonstrate that homophobia contributes to the spread of HIV and that internalized homophobia increases HIV risk.

This HIV Policy Resource Bank category includes materials on issues related to homophobia and HIV, including discrimination, stigma, sexuality education, and access to care.