Published January, 2012
Community-Based HIV Prevention Interventions that Combat Anti-Gay Stigma for Men Who Have Sex with Men and for Transgender Women, Sean Cahill, Robert Valadéz, and Sabina Ibarrola, Journal of Public Health Policy (2012)
This article identifies the specific components of community-level and structural-level HIV prevention interventions targeting men who have sex with men that have proven effective in reducing homophobia and affirming the healthy formation of gay and transgender identities. These interventions include school-based interventions, community-based social marketing campaigns, community connectedness and social support interventions targeted at older gay men, and interventions addressing vulnerability and HIV prevention among transgender women. The CDC defines Community-level interventions (CLIs) re defined by the CDC as interventions "intended to reduce the HIV risk of an entire community" and structural-level interventions (SLIs) are those that "address barriers beyond the individual . . . designed to address external factors that impact personal risk for HIV."
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