Published October, 2011

Chart: HIV, STIs and Relative Risks in the United States, Center for HIV Law and Policy (2011)

This chart presents data comparing HIV infection to other sexually transmitted infections. These data illustrate that other sexually transmitted infections can pose similar, and sometimes equally great or greater, risks than HIV. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and human papilloma virus (HPV) are more prevalent than HIV. Gonorrhoea and HPV are far more easily transmissible than HIV during unprotected sexual activity. Like HIV, HSV-2 is not curable. Potential consequences of HPV, gonorrhoea, and HSV- 2 include cancer, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and infant death.