Published January, 1969
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 660 U.N.T.S. 195 (1969)
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination ("CERD") is an international treaty designed to protect individuals from discrimination based on race that is both intentional or the result of neutral policies. Particularly relevant to HIV/AIDS issues are: the requirement that state parties take concrete measures in social, economic, cultural, and other fields to ensure the adequate development and protection of certain racial groups or individuals belonging to them for the purpose of guaranteeing them the full and equal enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms (Article 2); and the requirement that state parties undertake to prohibit and eliminate racial discrimination in all its forms and to guarantee the right of everyone to equality before the law in the enjoyment of rights including the right to work and to free choice of employment, the right to housing, the right to public health, medical care, social security, and social services, and the right to education and training (Article 5).
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