Published December, 2004

HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in a Nutshell, Program on International Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health & the International Council of AIDS Service Organizations (2004)

This document provides a brief background on human rights and HIV. It approaches the topic of human rights through three categories: accountability, advocacy, and approaches to programming. It discusses various human rights documents related to HIV and how accountability is approached for each, discusses advocacy efforts, and outlines what a rights-based approach to HIV/AIDS means. Throughout the document, examples are provided demonstrating successful advocacy efforts and human right-based approaches to HIV/AIDS issues that have yielded positive results. It also includes links to key resources for those looking to understand the human rights framework and interpretations of human rights law and those seeking advocacy tools.