This study examines the association between HIV positive African American men who have sex with men's (MSM) optimism about their HIV status and their sexual risk behavior. Researchers found that participants who believed their treatment lowered the risk of infection were less motivated to use condoms with serodiscordant casual partners. They noted that motivation to use condoms may be undermined if HIV positive MSM believe their adherence to antiretroviral therapy reduces the likelihood of transmission. They encouraged providers to balance messages about HIV manageability with factual statements about the risk of HIV transmission even while on treatment.
The Center for HIV Law and Policy challenges barriers to the rights and health of people affected by HIV through legal advocacy, high-impact policy initiatives, and creation of cross-issue partnerships, networks, and resources. We support movement building that amplifies the power of individuals and communities to mobilize for change that is rooted in racial, gender, and economic justice.