This article examines the practices of Michigan health officials in investigating "health threat to others" cases that may be in violation of the state's HIV criminalization statutes. "Health threat" laws refer to a set of laws enacted by Michigan legislators in the late 1980s requiring HIV positive individuals to disclose their status to their partners before engaging in any form of sexual conduct. The author assesses case investigation procedures within the context of the sociological concept of "social control," including both formal control (case identification by health officials) and informal control (case reporting to the health department by fellow community members).
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