Oslo Declaration on HIV Criminalisation, International Civil Society Representatives, (February 13, 2012)

Letters and Other Advocacy Documents

This ten-point declaration calling for the end of criminal prosecutions for HIV non-disclosure, exposure and unintentional transmission was drafted on February 13, 2012 by a group of advocates and academics in Oslo, Norway.

The declaration outlines key problems with HIV criminalization - including the stigmatizing effect of singling out HIV from other communicable diseases; the potential of HIV-specific laws to deter people from engaging in health care; the absence of a malicious intent requirement in these laws; and their negative impact specifically on women - and includes considerations for limiting the application of the criminal law in HIV-related cases.

The declaration's drafting was prompted by, and timed with, a High Level Policy Consultation on the Science and Law of the Criminalisation of HIV Non-disclosure, Exposure and Transmission, convened on February 14-15, 2012 by the Government of Norway and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). The convening provided a forum in which policymakers and other stakeholders could consider relevant scientific, medical, public health and legal research in evaluating current laws and policies regarding the criminalization of HIV non-disclosure, exposure and transmission, and consider alternative approaches. The background paper for this meeting was drafted by CHLP Executive Director Catherine Hanssens, who was rapporteur and a presenter for the High Level Policy Consultation, and Patrick Eba of UNAIDS.

The Declaration has not been endorsed by UNAIDS or other governmental attendees of the Consultation.

Files
PDF icon Oslo_declaration.pdf 161.09 KB