These are the implementing regulations that followed NY's passage, in 1997, of universal, mandatory testing of newborns. The regulations require that hospitals and diagnostic and treatment centers offering prenatal obstetric, maternity and/or newborn services, in order to qualify for PCAP Medicaid reimbursement rates or fees, must provide a comprehensive array of diagnostic, treatment, case managment and related services to pregnant women, including the routine offer of HIV counseling and testing. The mandated offer of HIV testing to pregnant women -- accompanied by counseling allowing for informed, written consent -- is widely believed to be responsible for the near-elimination of perinatal HIV transmission.
The Center for HIV Law and Policy challenges barriers to the rights and health of people affected by HIV through legal advocacy, high-impact policy initiatives, and creation of cross-issue partnerships, networks, and resources. We support movement building that amplifies the power of individuals and communities to mobilize for change that is rooted in racial, gender, and economic justice.