This report provides a comprehensive overview of the issue of HIV in the United States correctional system from a human rights and social justice perspective. Covered topics include background information on HIV in the criminal justice system, structural barriers and forces fueling the epidemic, transmission risks, correctional healthcare systems, prevention efforts, and post-incarceration re-entry issues for HIV positive ex-offenders. The authors conclude with specific policy recommendations for a variety of stakeholders – community-based organizations, departments of correction (including wardens and prison administrators), and state and local governments – as well as recommended advocacy around specific legislation at the federal level.
The Center for HIV Law and Policy challenges barriers to the rights and health of people affected by HIV through legal advocacy, high-impact policy initiatives, and creation of cross-issue partnerships, networks, and resources. We support movement building that amplifies the power of individuals and communities to mobilize for change that is rooted in racial, gender, and economic justice.