This update from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) highlights progress made to achieve the 90-90-90 targets that have become the central pillar of the global quest to end the AIDS epidemic. The 90-90-90 targets refer to the goals of getting 90% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) diagnosed, 90% of diagnosed PLHIV on treatment, and 90% of PLHIV on treatment to viral suppression by December 2020. Substantial progress has been made toward these targets, and the report highlights particular areas and strategies deserving attention.
The report surveys progress in knowledge of HIV status, treatment, and viral suppression in countries and cities around the world, including the United States. It also discusses barriers to achieving targets, including inadequate sexuality education for young people; criminalization, stigma, and discrimination faced by key populations—people who inject drugs, sex workers, transgender people, prisoners, and gay men and other men who have sex with men—and their sexual partners; and inadequate human rights protections, particularly for women and girls. The report concludes that a protective and empowering legal environment and strong rule of law must be achieved to overcome these barriers.